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The Kremlin has turned its disinformation machine on those who are investigating the shoot-down of Malaysia Airlines Flight MH17 over Ukraine in July of 2014, using state employees, state-run media, and the state-run, though unacknowledged, “troll factory” of fake Internet accounts.

The primary goal of the media attacks has been to undermine the credibility of citizen journalist group Bellingcat, an independent researcher into the crash. The attacks have followed a pattern which could be termed "vilify and amplify". 

On 17 July 2014, Malaysian Airlines flight MH17 was shot down over eastern Ukraine, killing all 298 people on board. This unprecedented tragedy led to an unprecedented maelstrom of information and disinformation. The Russian authorities accused Ukraine of the shooting-down; Ukraine accused Russia and the Russian-backed separatists fighting in Ukraine.